The types listed here give an example of how personality developes differently. Each personality type has a different viewpoint used to process experiences and the larger world. Some aspects of type seem “positive” while others seem “negative.” While both “positive” and “negative” aspects are used to navigate through life, we have an Essential quality that is outside the box of “positive” and “negative.”
The titles below describe the types, while the words in parentheses describe their corresponding passions and virtues (challenges and gifts).
Type One – Perfectionist, Reformer (Anger/Serenity)
Responsible, idealistic, ethical and honest, Ones place emphasis on discipline and doing the right thing. They are dependable, use common sense and take life seriously. They try to be fair, earnest and objective. Ones apply the discipline it takes to create a vision. They have high standards and are critical of themselves and others in an attempt to preserve the sense that they are right and therefore, good. Ones focus attention on finding error and correcting it. The high standards Ones live up to make them feel resentful that, in their view, others don’t do the same. Accepting imperfection and learning tolerance is the path of growth for a One.
Type Two – Giver, Helper (Pride/Humility)
Energetic, romantic and expressive, Twos bring sensitivity and support of others to relationship. Twos focus on being needed and helping. They are giving, caring and approachable. They have a gift for empathizing with the feelings and sensing people’s needs. Twos often know what someone needs often before the person themselves know. As a result, they can care for and bring out the potential in others. Twos can be manipulative, using flattery to secure their position in a relationship in an attempt to avoid a sense of being dispensable or useless. Developing autonomy and the rhythm of give and take in relationship and life is a path of growth for the Two.
Type Three – Performer, Achiever (Deceit/Hope)
Hard working and goal oriented, Threes play to win. They place emphasis on drive, accomplishment and appearing first-class in all they do. They have a positive outlook, are productive and efficient. Threes are adaptable, doing what it takes get the job done. They are generally active and upbeat. Self-confident and ambitious, Threes confuse what they do with who they are. Three’s dependence on image, failure avoidance and external praise can lead them to be overworked and out of touch with personal and relational authenticity. Threes can grow by recognizing their feelings and developing discernment about what is true, lasting and best for them.
Type Four – Romantic, Individualist (Envy/Equanimity)
Humane, passionate and idealistic, Fours value rich, emotional experiences, can be accomplished, discerning and possess a keen sense of authenticity. They can support others emotionally as they are not afraid to delve into the depths of emotional experience. Often called the artistic type, some Fours typify a sensitive, withdrawn and moody temperament, while others mask a sense of melancholy with activity, expressiveness and production. With a desire for ideal love and/or experiences to prove worthiness, Fours notice what they perceive is lacking in themselves or their lives. Fours can be self-absorbed and avoid ordinary experiences. The path of growth for a Four is to value being equal with others and available to life as it unfolds.
Type Five – Observer, Thinker (Avarice/Non-Attachment)
Scholarly, intellectual, respectful and perceptive, Fives live life from the vantage point of observation. They develop expertise in areas of interest, consider themselves self-sufficient and value privacy. Fives focus on gathering information to manage life and what they perceive as lack of resources. They possess discretion, adding calm, rationale and intelligence in everyday situations as well as in times of crisis. Fives fear life will drain them of personal resources and guard against that by being emotionally detached, limiting others’ access to them and hording information as a means of survival. The area of growth for Fives, is to recognize that there is a bounty of resources available to support them and their participation in life with others.
Type Six – Loyal Skeptic, Guardian/Rebel (Fear/ Courage)
Trustworthy, loyal, intuitive, witty, sensitive and responsible, Sixes are focused on security and authority. Sixes often identify with the underdog and can take up causes greater than themselves. In the pursuit of certainty and safety, Sixes have questioning, doubting minds. They display a phobic or counter-phobic stance and can also vacillate between the two. Phobic sixes align themselves with authority, to avoid perceived threats in pursuit of security, while counter-phobic types flout authority, react against perceived threats and face danger for the same reasons. The path of growth for a Six is to learn to trust themselves, and others having faith in unity rather than division.
Type Seven – The Epicure, Enthusiast (Gluttony/Sobriety)
Sevens are positive, optimistic and enthusiastic; they like pleasure, interesting people and experiences. They place their attention on planning and options. Sevens often have a variety of interests and like to see themselves as positive and sophisticated. They can be quite visionary, perceiving and combining diverse bodies of ideas in ways that are novel and forward moving. Sevens avoid feelings of frustration produced by perceived or real limitations. Their attention on future planning, pleasurable activities and juggling multiple positive options all the time actually narrows potentialities by limiting the full range of human experience. Sevens can grow by staying conscious in the present, honoring depth of commitment to themselves.
Type Eight – The Protector, Leader (Lust/Innocence)
Direct, assertive, independent and confident, Eights live with gusto. They are natural leaders who can inspire others into action. They focus on power distribution and fairness. They can face adversity and will make great sacrifices for the benefit of others. They can be humorous, generous and magnanimous. Eights like to make their own rules, live large and want more. They control and dominate others and their surroundings with a “my way or the highway” attitude. Fearing weakness, injustice to themselves and being controlled, Eights deny feelings of tenderness and vulnerability. The path of growth for the Eight is to meet people and life itself with openness, tolerance and without bias.
Type Nine – The Mediator, Peacemaker (Sloth/Right Action)
Agreeable, communicative, considerate and kind, Nines enjoy harmony and peace. They are supportive and accepting with the ability to see all sides of a situation. Their attention goes toward keeping life comfortable and familiar. Some Nines can make mediation an art form, perceiving others’ motivations and positions almost instantly. They can maintain stamina and patience while enduring monotonous and trying situations. Fearing that rocking the boat of life will put them walking on the plank, Nines avoid attracting attention and direct confrontation at all cost. They can be passive aggressive or resistant when they feel overlooked or unimportant. Nines can grow by knowing and honoring what they want and that they are included and recognized in life’s great plan.